Study Tour to Gadap Town- Drip Irrigation System


Last Saturday we had a study tour to Gadap Town Karachi on behalf of Sociology Department, University of Karachi, Gadap Town is a town in the northwestern part of Karachi with the Hub River on its western limits also forming the provincial border between Sindh and Balochistan, while to the north and east are Dadu District and the Kirthar Mountains.

(Group Photo with Dr.prof. Sobia Shaizad (ex-chairperson) and Dr.prof.Kauser Parveen at Gadap Town)

(Group Photo with Dr.prof. Sobia Shaizad (ex-chairperson) and Dr.prof.Kauser Parveen at Gadap Town)

Dr.Prof.Sobia Shaizad and Dr.Kauser Parveen were the organizers of the tour and they introduced the Gadap community to the students. The students were given a task to observe the Gadap Community’s Social Issues and challenges in their life. I found the community resemble to other rural areas of Pakistan but the only thing which attract and was new to me is their Irrigation System i-e ‘’Drip Irrigation System’’.

Drip irrigation is an efficient and economical method of watering. Used commonly in dry regions with scarce water resources, the use of drip irrigation is increasing in the Northeast. This irrigation method is typically more than 90% efficient at allowing plants to use the water applied.’’

Drip System Irrigation in Gadap town Karachi, Sindh.  photo : Asif Sakhi

Drip System Irrigation in Gadap town Karachi, Sindh.
photo : Asif Sakhi

We visited the field areas of the Gadap town and got chance to interact with the residents and farmers of the town. According to them this system was introduced to them during 2002 in the government tenure of Gen-Musharraf. We were not able to cultivate crops because of the lacking of water source in the town and this system had changed our life, he further added. Small Dams were installed at the corner of every field to store and supply water to the crops. According to one of the farmer he said that they are able to cultivate crops after every two years, when asked why then he gave a very good reason that it depends on the soil’s fertility and if you will cultivate any crops during the break season then you will be not able to get good result of the crops.

During Gen-Musharraf Govt-Tenure small dams were installed to eradicate the water scarcity . photo: Asif Sakhi

During Gen-Musharraf Govt-Tenure small dams were installed to eradicate the water scarcity .
photo: Asif Sakhi

Most of the people relay on the rain water and there is no any alternative source of water to them. The Government should introduce Drip Irrigation System to all those areas where they are not able to irrigate because of scarcity of water buried lands.

Session Break- The farmers give one year break to land .  Photo: Asif Sakhi

Session Break- The farmers give one year break to land .
Photo: Asif Sakhi

I have noticed and observed many advantages and disadvantages of the systems.

The advantages as per my observation are there is minimum chance of water wastage and you can use the water on greater level, Fertilizers can be use with high efficiency. The most important thing is that it is not important to level the field and which can save time of farmers. There is less chance of fertilizer wastage Energy cost can be reduced as it operated in lower pressure then other irrigation system.

Skilled labors are required for installing pipe lines in drip irrigation system.  In this picture a plant can be seen dead because of no excess to water. Photo:Asif Sakhi

Skilled labors are required for installing pipe lines in drip irrigation system.
In this picture a plant can be seen dead because of no excess to water.
Photo:Asif Sakhi

The farmer/labor keep a small slot in the pipe line from where the roots of the plant get water.  photo:Asif Sakhi

The farmer/labor keep a small slot in the pipe line from where the roots of the plant get water.
photo:Asif Sakhi

I haven’t notice any disadvantages of the Drip Irrigation System during the visit but the Local people mentioned some. According to them it is expensive especially the initial cost is high and the lifetime of the tube used in the irrigation system can be shorten by the direct sun rays and the most important thing is that high Skills labors are required.

Photo taken with Dr.Prof.Sobia Shaizad (ex-Chairperson of Sociology Department) and Dr.prof Kauser Parveen.

Photo taken with Dr.Prof.Sobia Shaizad (ex-Chairperson of Sociology Department) and Dr.prof Kauser Parveen.

Advertisements

One thought on “Study Tour to Gadap Town- Drip Irrigation System

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s